What weed does prodiamine control?


What is prodiamine


Prodiamine is an active ingridient found in chemical herbicides. This ingredient is an active preemergent chemical used in expelling weeds and broadleafs from gardens and lawns.
This chemical is used to attack weeds before they begin to spring out from the soil. ‘Preemergent’ as the name implies means before emergence; so the chemical herbicide works when the weeds are yet to seed.


How it works


Prodiamine is an active chemical used in producing herbicides. It is extremely potent, an application of it may be potent for over 90days on the soil. That is, if it is applied on the soil in January it may last till march, this is when weeds usually spring out.
The method involves applying 3-4 table spoon of prodiamine in a gallon of water and apply it on a 1000 square feet of your garden or lawn. The prodiamine sterilizes the soil before the weeds begin to reach their full stage.
The prodiamine chemical herbicide works for weeds and broadleafs. It is mostly advisable to apply them when the weeds are yet to seed.

WILL SALT CONTROL WEEDS?

What is a Salt?


A salt is a solid chemical compound which consists of ions. Salts are made up of numbers of cations and anions; such that the products are electrically neutral. Salts are generally found in virtually all houses and industries. In houses it is used for cooking. It can also be used for preservation of food stuffs. In ancient times, salts are used in the mortuary to preserve dead bodies. The method proved effective over the years, until it was introduced into agriculture.


SALT AND WEED CONTROL
Applying salt on a piece of land is very effective in weeds control. This method involves using Salt to control the amount of weeds that flock your garden or soil. The method can be done by applying weed on a piece of land; the Salt is sprinkled on the garden. Iced salt is the best for this method, the salt helps to repel weeds from the farm.
The salt should be applied on beds with seed weeds, they weeds must not sprout. The method may not be effective on tall weeds.

Also the method can also be applied by mixing the quantity of salt in a bowl of water and applied on weeds. Weeds that are already grown is well suitable for this method. The method involves applying the salt water on the weeds, when applying it, ensure you cover the weeds effectively. Covering the weeds helps it wither from its root.

Can cornmeal control weeds

Yellow Cornmeal.


Cornmeal is a flour that is gotten from maize. It is also a semi-smooth or coarse flour that is ground from dried maize or corn. It is not entirely smooth like the wheat or baking powder, it is coarse, not fine but a bit smooth, yellowish in nature. It is sometimes used to feed poultry birds. In some parts of the word, such as Nigeria, it is used to make Masa in the north. Boiled cornmeal is called polenta in Italy. Also in USA very finely ground cornmeal is called corn flour.


TYPES


BLUE CORNMEAL
It is gotten from blue cornmeal is derived from blue corn. There are different types or color of corn. The blue cornmeal is gotten from finely ground maize or coarse ground maize.
Steel ground yellow cornmeal
This is mostly used in USA, the husk and germ of the maize kernel is sometimes completely or almost removed. Usually it is stored for a year in a dry and cool place.


STONE GROUND CORNMEAL
This also like the steel yellow cornmeal, can last for months if stored in a cool and dry place. It lasts more when refrigerated. It retains the hull and germ, giving out a little flavor.


WHITE CORNMEAL
It is made from white corn. Mostly found in Africa, commonly used to make baking powder in USA.


CORNMEAL AND WEED CONTROL
Cornmeal is very effected agent for conttolling weeds in your garden or lawn. This method involves applying the gound meal on the weeds or on the piece of land which one intends to keep weeds away from.


Noteworthy, the cornmeal is only effective for seeds not already plants. This means that, the portion of weeds must be seeds, that is they must not have sprouted before applying the cornmeal. Cornmeal works for only weeds at the seed level; that is at its small level.

How to control weeds in St. Augustine Grass

How to control weeds in St. Augustine Grass
St. Augustine Grass also known as Buffalo turf in Australia, it is a medium-high maintenance grass that forms a thick carpet like sod, crowding out most weeds and grasses.
St. Augustine grass is a dark green grass with broad blade-like leaves which grows around lagoons, marshes, tropical areas, shorelines or areas with moisture.
Only recently has commercially valuable and viable seed for St. Augustine become available, so it has typically been propagated by plugs, sprigs, or sod. Once the grass is cultivated, it can propagate on its own.


Controlling weeds in St. Augustine grass.
St. Augustine Grass is a stubborn grass and can cover a wide range if not carefully pruned. It is used to make sods and plugs. When controlling weeds in St. Augustine Grass, they following methods should be used.


UPROOTING
Uprooting weeds in St. Augustine grass is a viable method of controlling weeds. This methods involves using the hands to uproot the weeds whenever they surface. Uprooting them is in fact the best method; st. Augustine Grass grows in a wide range so the weeds flourish in them, competing for space, sunlight, moisture and nutrient. Though not every weed survives around the Grass. Uprooting them is however the best method to apply.

How to control weeds in St. Augustine Grass


St. Augustine Grass also known as Buffalo turf in Australia, it is a medium-high maintanace grass that forms a thick carpet like sod, crowding out most weeds and grasses.
St. Augustine grass is a dark green grass with broad blade-like leaves which grows around lagoons, marshes, tropical areas, shorlines or areas with moisture.
Only recently has commercially valuable and viable seed for St. Augustine become available, so it has typically been propagated by plugs, sprigs, or sod. Once the grass is cultivated, it can propagate on its own.


Controlling weeds in St. Augustine grass.
St. Augustine Grass is a stubborn grass and can cover a wide range if not carefully pruned. It is used to make sods and plugs. When controlling weeds in St. Augustine Grass, they following methods should be used.


UPROOTING


Uprooting weeds in St. Augustine grass is a viable method of controlling weeds. This methods involves using the hands to uproot the weeds whenever they surface. Uprooting them is in fact the best method; st. Augustine Grass grows in a wide range so the weeds flowrish in them, competing for space, sunlight, moisture and nutrient. Though not every weed survives around the Grass. Uprooting them is however the best method to apply.

HOW TO CONTROL WEEDS IN ASPARAGUS PATCH

What is Asparagus?

Asparagus (garden Asparagus), often called SPARROW GRASS is a flowering plant species in the grass Asparagus. Its young shoots are often used as vegetable. The asparagus originates in maritime habitat, it springs and survives in soil that is saline for normal plants or weeds to grow. In order to plant this, a salt little will be applied on the soil to suppress weed germination in bed intended for Asparagus. Soil fertility, in terms of growing the Asparagus is a large factor.

Asparagus is said to be a useful plant in companion to the other plants, for example, the asparagus is a useful companion for tomato plants, it helps repel some harmful nematode that may attack tomato plants.

Top importers of Asparagus

*As at 2016, the USA were the top importers of asparagus, over 214,735 tons of containers, containing asparagus were shipped into the US.

*Germany too is another major importers of asparagus, well over 24,484 tones were shipped into Germany in 2016.

*Canada is not left out on as 19,224 tones were shipped into Canada all in 2016.

Top producers of Asparagus

*China is the world’s largest producers of asparagus. In 2017, china produced up to 8 million tons of asparagus, shipping to various part of the world.

*Also Peru with over 400 thousand tones with Mexico ranging up to 250 thousand tons of Asparagus.

*The USA is not left out, their production of the vegetable is focused on Michigan, California and Washington.

Effect of Asparagus on the Urine

Asparagus thrives in saline soil that is why farmer sprinkle iced salt on beds to repel weeds, in order to effectively grow the plant. This is why the plant contains Asparagus acid. When the vegetable is eaten and digested, the chemical is broken down into groups of sulfur containing compounds. This is mainly the reason for its effect on the urine. Studies have shown that consumers of asparagus usually have or witness a disagreeable odor oozing from their urine. Surprisingly, Israeli studies have also proven that, majority of those who witness such odor in their urine can detect it in the urine of others.

Controlling weeds in Asparagus garden

The following method can be applied in controlling weeds in Asparagus gardens.

SALT

Due to the acidity of the plant, it thrives only in saline environment. To maintain this, you can sprinkle ice salt on the beds to repel weeds from the soil. This method is not instantaneous, it requires a lot of patience, the weeds if grown and sprout, may take up to 2 weeks to wither.  If the weeds have not yet germinated it will repel them from the soil for a longtime. Soil salinity is very necessary for Asparagus plant growth.

VINEGAR

Vinegar is made through the fermentation of ethanol alcohol. Any ingredient containing ethanol may be used to make vinegar including distilled grain alcohol, wine, beer etc. vinegar is an acidic liquid produced through fermentation it is used for cooking, it can also be made from variety of original ingredients.

Applying vinegar on the soil is a potent method of repelling weeds in Asparagus gardens. Vinegar if properly applied can help repel weeds in the garden.

CHEMICAL HERBICIDES

Chemical herbicide is another viable method which is used by farmers in controlling weeds. The chemical such as Versatil and Gallant NF is applied on weeds, down to the roots.  In a matter of days, the weeds begin to wither and dry from the roots. Chemical herbicides are not expensive in the market, they can be purchased in super stores and spare parts shops nationwide.

HAND WEEDING OR UPROOTING

Using the hands to weed the asparagus garden is important. Asparagus plants are very sensitive; they may wither if the wrong method is applied. Hand picking the weeds is therefore necessary to safeguard the lives of the plants.

NOTE: When applying the chemical, salt and vinegar you must be careful not to apply it on the asparagus plant.

HOW TO CONTROL WEEDS IN FLOWER BEDS.

 What are flower beds

A flower bed is a garden where flowers are grown or displayed. A flower garden is usually called floral garden; it is any garden where flowers of various kinds are grown or displayed. Also a flower bed or flower garden is made up of various kinds of flowers. Controlling weeds in a flower bed is quiet easy. There a various methods involved in controlling weeds in a flower bed or garden. The methods are categorized into organic and inorganic methods.

ORGANIC METHOD OF CONTROLLING WEEDS IN FLOWER BEDS

[1] MULCHING

Applying mulch on flower beds can go a long way in controlling weeds. Mulches are decayed materials of plants such as dead leaves that help improve the quality of soil.  Applying mulches on flower beds helps expel weeds, in that it robs them of sunlight.

[2] HAND DIGGING

Hand digging is also another effective way of controlling weeds in the garden. This method involves using implements such as hand shovel and spades to rid the garden of weeds. This method may involve a lot of efforts to accomplish.

[3] APPLYING SALT

Salt is another effective method. This method is not widespread, but it is potent. The result does not take effect immediately; it happens in a matter of days. The method involves using iced salt to sprinkle in the part that is infested by weeds. You can also put the salt in a bowl of water and apply in on the weeds.

[4] HOT WATER

As the name implies, the method involves using hot water to kill weeds in the garden. But you must be careful not to use the hot water on the planted crops.

[5] COVERING METHOD

Weeds compete with crops for sunlight and rainfall to germinate and seed. The covering method involves using hard fabrics to cover the soil. This hinders the passage of sunlight, air and water from reaching the soil, invariably killing weeds.

INORGANIC METHODS OF CONTROLLING WEEDS IN FLOWER GARDENS

[1] CHEMICALS

Using chemicals such as herbicides to control weeds one is the major methods of inorganic weed control in flower beds. There are various herbicides in the market you can purchase to control weeds in your garden. When applying the chemicals, ensure you do not spray it on your flowers. Also when applying it, you must cover the weeds to ensure it withers from its roots.

HOW TO CONTROL WEEDS IN ROCK BEDS

WHAT IS ROCK BED

Rock beds are areas of land covered with rocks or solid materials. it is also a method of beautifying a part of flower beds by covering the surface of the soil with sedimentary rock materials. Rock beds is also a method which most people use in decorating their vicinity. Controlling weeds in rock beds is not a difficult task. There are a number of ways one can use in controlling weeds in rock beds.

[1] To control weeds in rock beds one will have to try hand weeding. That is, using your hand to uproot the weeds; this method is in fact the most effective methods, but work intensive. This work intensive method can help keep the bed from weeds from a longtime. If weeds are well uprooted their chances of returning is very slim. The perfect way of clearing weeds is by uprooting them.

[2] Spraying chemical herbicides on the weeds is another potent method of controlling weeds in rock beds; chemical herbicide such as Gallant NF, Simazine and Versatil helps expel weeds from rock beds. The chemicals must come in contact with the weeds; weeds such as grasses, broad-leaves and clovers can be expelled with chemicals. Chemical method is less stressful and does not involve much energy; all that is needed is to pour the chemical on the weed. The result is not instantaneous, it involves timing, possibly a matter of days. In this method patience is required.

[3] Using Hoe is another potent method of controlling weeds in rock beds. The hoe is an ancient instrument used in farming. This method involves using the hoe to slightly dig out weeds in the rock beds. In ancient times the Hoe is used to uproot weeds and make ridges for planting.

[4] After hoeing, the weeds which have been uprooted needs to be gathered and disposed properly to avoid them germinating. This is where the Rake comes in; the rake helps to gather already uprooted weeds to a location where they will be burnt or disposed. Inability to gather the weeds and dispose the automatically leads to germination in a matter of weeks.

[5] When digging the rock beds, avoid digging deep. Turning the soil may not be helpful in weed control. This is because, some weeds are very sensitive to the soil, when you turn the soil over, they germinate faster.

[6] Using Vinegar is another method of controlling weeds on rock beds. vinegar can be purchased in the market and mixed with a bowl of water, then applied on the weeds. This can help keep the soil from weeds for a longtime; the method is not instantaneous, it may take over 10 days depending on the intensity of the sun.

HOW TO CONTROL WEEDS ORGANICALLY.

[1] HOEING

Using the hoe is an efficient method of controlling weeds in the garden or lawn. The hoe is useful and helpful in removing weeds from the farm or garden. The hoe is an object that is long-handled with slim pointed head used in digging the soil. This method requires a lot of effort and manpower to effectively expel weeds from the soil. Weeds which have grown tall can be removed with the hoe by weeding from the roots. Inability to weed from the root may just result in unknowingly replanting the weeds.

[2] SALT

Using salt is another viable method deployed by most gardeners in an attempt to weed. The salt is mixed with a quantity of water that will be appropriate for the portion of weeds one intends to kill, and then pouring it on the weeds. When pouring it on the weeds it must cover the weeds appropriately so it can wither from its roots. The best way to destroy weeds is from the roots, else they may just return over a while. This method is not instant it takes a while for this method to work, just a matter of days when the sun is intense.

[3] HOT WATER

This method is economical; all you need is a kettle of boiling water. The hot water is measured with the portion of weeds one intends to kill. After boiling, pour the water in a container and apply it on the weeds, ensuring like the salt method, you cover the weeds to ensure it dies from its roots. When applying the hot water, one must be careful not to bring it in contact with oneself, also one must be careful not to bring it in contact with planted crops in the garden or lawn.

[4] MULCH

Mulches are any organic material placed on top of the soil that helps enrich soil nutrient and fertility. Mulches helps provide a safe haven for earthworms and other organisms that aid soil improvement. Applying mulches such as dead leaves of plants, pine straws, palm nuts, dead plantain leaves on the soil helps prevent weeds from growing on that particular portion of the land. This method is used by gardeners in preparation of planting season.

[5] USING THICK FABRIC

Using thick fabric to control weeds is an effective method of organic weed control. The method involves using a thick fabric to cover the area where you intend to weed. The reason is to cheat the weeds of sunlight; weeds require enough sunlight to grow, so when you cover the weeds with a thick fabric, over a period of days they wither.

[6] USE ANIMALS

Grazers such as goats are also a way of controlling weeds in a farm or garden. Through this method is not always deployed by farmers, in that, the stress involved in catering fro the livestock may interfere with the time in the garden. This method involves the goat grazing on the weeds. The deficiency of this method is that the goat cannot differentiate between the planted crops and weeds, they basically eat any plant they see, hence, applying this method may not be too suitable. But the Goat may be able to reach areas where the farmer or gardener may not.

[7] COVER CROPS

Planting Cover Crops in the garden may also go a long way to help control weeds in the garden. Cover crop such as Shrubs, helps shade the environment from sunlight, automatically making it impossible for weeds to grow around it since weeds require sunlight to grow. Shrubs also have thick roots which make the environment. where it grows difficult for weeds to penetrate. Also weeds prefers to grow in an area of less competition. Weeds like carpet grass prefers areas of less competition so they can spread their tentacles within the environment.

[8] VINEGAR

Vinegar contains substances that are dangerous to plants. Gardeners use this method to dispose of weeds from lawns or gardens. Pouring the vinegar on the weeds kills them over a short period of time. It should be applied like the water and the salt water.

[9] NEWSPAPERS

Using newspapers is also another method. Funny right? But this method like the fabric method is also effective. The newspaper method involves using newspapers to also cover areas infested by weeds in the garden or lawn. What then will you do with the newspaper? You apply the newspaper on the weeds just like the fabric method, robbing the weeds of sunlight and rainfall. The problem with this method is that it can only be applied in dry season. If applied in a rainy season, the rain will mutilate the newspapers.

[10] HAND-DIGGING

Hand-digging with the hand spade is also another method of expelling weeds in the farm. Digging is the act of using hand implements to till the soil. Digging is the process of using some implement such as claws, hands, or tools, to remove material from a solid surface. Digging is also an important way to control weeds organically. When digging, you must ensure you do not dig deep into the soil in a vegetable lawn or garden.

RAKING

Using rakes is also important in the farm. after weeding a large porting of land, the rake should be used to gather the weeds in order to dispose the off. Leaving the weeds there may cause them to grow back in a short space of time.

HOW TO CONTROL WEEDS IN PINE STRAW

what is Pine Straw

Pine straw is the thick layer needles dropped from the pine trees. Most needles drop in the fall. Also as the name implies, it comes from the pine trees that shed their needles throughout the year.

what is pine tree

A pine tree is an evergreen coniferous tree which has clusters of long needle-shaped leaves. many kinds are grown for the soft timber, which widely used for furniture and pulp, tar and turpentine.

Agricultural benefits of pine straws

[1] It is a sustainable method of mulching gardens. pine straws comes from the droppings of pine trees of various kinds within the year. The droppings referred to as needles or straws, which are gathered from the forest beds and used as mulch. A mulch is any organic material placed on the top layer of the soil to improve soil fertility.

[2] Pine straws are used to improve soil productivity when used as a mulch your lawn or garden. Mulch conserves soil moisture and protects it against evaporation during summer.

[3] The pine straw mulch also protect the soil against erosion. Covering the soil with straw or needles mulching covers the soil, hence, the level of erosion is reduced and minimized.

[4] Pine straw mulch prevents soil by using part of precipitation from the surface.

[5] Using pine straw in your lawn or garden makes it visually acceptable. It makes a garden looks good and orderly when arranged in a good way.

[6] Using pine straw mulch also help in weed control in the lawn or garden.

Controlling weeds with pine straw

Using the pine straw is a viable method of controlling weeds in lawn or garden. it is a method widely approved by farmers and gardeners worldwide, this method is economical yet work intensive. The method involves gathering the straw mulches by raking them from forest beds and baling them. After baling they can be applied in the farm as mulches. Applying them on the top of the soil close to the crops.

This helps to increase soil fertility. It safeguards the soil from precipitation, all forms of water particles, whether liquid or solid, that fall from the atmosphere (eg rain, hail, snow, or sleet). Precipitation is also a major class of hydrometer, but it is distinguished from cloud, fog, dew rime, frost etc. in that, it must fall. It is distinguished from cloud and virga in that it reach the ground. Straw mulches also protects the soil from erosion; when applying the mulches in the soil, ensure that the top part of the garden or lawn is covered effectively, spreading the mulch to every corner of the garden.

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